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2020年考研英语(一)真题及参考答案解析(完整word文字版)

作者:新都教育    文章来源:新都网    点击数:    更新时间:2019/12/21

2020年考研英语(一)真题及参考答案解析(完整word文字版)

 

Section I Use of English


    Directions:
    Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
    Even if families are less likely to sit down to eat together than was once the case, millions of Britons will none the less have partaken this weekend of one of the nation's great traditions: the Sunday roast. 1 a cold winter's day, few culinary pleasures can     2   it. Yet as we report now, the food police are determined that this     3 should be rendered yet another guilty pleasure    4 to damage our health.
    The Food Standards Authority (FSA) has 5 a public warning about the risks of a  compound  called acrylamide  that  forms  in  some  foods  cooked  6   high  temperatures.This  means  that  people  should   7      crisping their roast potatoes, spurn thin-crust pizzas and only 8 toast their bread. But where is the evidence to support such alarmist advice?  9  studies have shown that acrylamide can cause neurological damage in   mice, there is no     10     evidence that it causes cancer in humans.
    Scientists say the compound is " 11 to be carcinogenic" but have no hard scientific proof. 12  the precautionary principle, it could be argued that it is 13  to follow the FSA advice.  14  , it was rumored that smoking caused cancer for years before the evidence was found to prove a     15   .
    Doubtless a piece of boiled beef can always be 16 up on Sunday alongside some steamed vegetables,without the Yorkshire pudding and no wine. But would life be worth living?  17   , the FSA says it  is not telling people to cut out roast foods   18   , but to reduce their lifetime intake. However, their   19    risks coming across as exhortation and nannying. Constant health scares just     20     with no one listening.
    1. A In B Towards C On D Till
    2. A match B express C satisfy D influence
    3. A patience B enjoyment C surprise D concern
    4. A intensified B privileged C compelled D guaranteed
    5. A issued B received C ignored D canceled
    6. A under B at C for D by
    7. A forget B regret C finish D avoid
    8. A partially B regularly C easily D initially
    9. A Unless B Since C If D While
    10. A secondary B external C inconclusive D negative
    11. A insufficient B bound C likely D slow
    12. A On the basis of B At the cost of C In addition to D In contrast to
    13. A interesting B advisable C urgent D fortunate
    14. A As usual B In particular C By definition D After all
    15. A resemblance B combination C connection D pattern
    16. A made B served C saved D used
    17. A To be fair B For instance C To be brief D in general
    18. A reluctantly B entirely C gradually D carefully
    19. A promise B experience C campaign D competition
    20. A follow up B pick up C open up D end up

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