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2020年考研英语二阅读理解text4真题原文及答案解析(跨考版)

作者:跨考教育    文章来源:新都网    点击数:    更新时间:2019/12/23

  Text4

  Now that members of Generation Z are graduating college this springthe most commonly-accepted definition says this generation was bom after 1995, give or take a year-the attention has been rising steadily in recent weeks. GenZs are about to hit the streets looking for work in a labor market that's tighter than it's been in decades. And employers are planning on hiring about 17 percent more new graduates for jobs in the U.S. this year than last, according to a survey conducted by the National Association of Colleges and Employers. Everybody wants to know how the people who will soon inhabit those empty office cubicles will differ from those who came before them.

  If"entitled"is the most common adjective, fairly or not, applied to millennials (those bom between 1981 and 1995), the catchwords for Generation Z are practical and cautious. According to the career counselors and expert who study them, Generation Zs are clear-eyed, economic pragmatists. Despite graduating into the best economy in the past 50 years, Gen Zs know what an economic train wreck looks like. They were impressionable kids during the crash of 2008, when many of their parents lost their jobs or their life savings or both. They aren,'t interested in taking any chances. The booming economy seems to have done little to assuage this underlying generational sense of anxious urgency, especially for those who have college debt. College loan balances in the U.S. now stand at a record $1.5 trillion, according to the Federal Reserve.

  One survey from Accenture found that 88 percent of graduating seniors this year chose their major with a job in mind. In a 2019 survey of University of Georgia students, meanwhile, the career office found the most desirable trait in a future employer was the ability to offer secure employment (followed by professional development and training, and then inspiring purpose). Job security or stability was the second most important career goal (work-life balance was number one), followed by a sense of being dedicated to a cause or to feel good about serving the great good.

  36. Generation Zs graduating college this spring_____.

  [A] are recognized for their abilities

  [B] are in favor of job offers

  [C] are optimistic about the labor market

  [D] are drawing growing public attention

  37. Generation Zs are keenly aware_____.

  [A] what a tough economic situation is like

  [B] what their parents expect of them

  [C] how they differ from past generations

  [D] I how valuable a counselors advice is

  38. The word"assuage"(line 9, para 2)is closet in meaning to_____.

  [A]define [B]relieve [C] maintain [D] deepen

  39.It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that Generation Zs_____.

  [A] care little about their job performance

  [B] give top priority to professional training

  [C]think it hard to achieve work-Life balance

  [D] have a clear idea about their future job

  40 Michelsen thinks that compared with millennials, Generation Zs are_____.

  [A]less realistic B] less adventurous [C]more diligent [D] more generous

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