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2020高考英语阅读理解模拟题及答案(2.14)

作者:佚名    文章来源:今朝教育网    点击数:    更新时间:2020/2/14

    选自:福州市二中2019-2020学年高三英语期中考试试卷
    第二部分 阅读理解
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
                               C
    Many of you may have used Siri, a voice assistant of US tech company Apple. You only have to say “hey Siri” and it will answer to your command. However, we may be sacrificing our privacy to enjoy this convenience.          
    According to a recent report by the Guardian, Siri can be accidentally triggered and start recording private conversations, such as discussions between doctors and patients. Some of these recordings are then given to workers outside the company to review.
    Apple claimed the data was used to help Siri improve, but users were not informed of this measure in the first place.
    Apple’s Siri is not the only voice assistant to come under fire.
    In 2018, Alexa, a voice assistant developed by US tech company Amazon, recorded a private conversation between a couple and sent it to a stranger without their permission.These issues deepened concerns that tech companies are infringing users’ rights of privacy.
    Many people have long feared that tech companies are listening and collecting data from private conversations, reported Forbes. Using this data, third party companies could then paint an accurate picture of users’ habits and preferences in order to serve them more targeted advertisements, or even worse, sell this private data.
    Despite this risk, the popularity of voice assistant seems to be unstoppable.
    “In the near future, everything from your lighting to your air-conditioning to your refrigerator, your coffee maker, and even your toilet could be wired to a system controlled by voice,” commented The Atlantic.
    Colin Horgan wrote on the blog site Medium that he believed people’s daily lives will soon become a source of data.
    “The sounds of our homes, the symphony of life – laughing, crying, talking, shouting, sitting in silence – will no longer be considered memories, but data,” he wrote.
    To deal with the issue, Blake Morgan, reporter for The Atlantic, believed that the answer is transparency.
    “All companies need to have messaging ready to explain to customers what they do with private data,” she wrote on The Atlantic.
    All companies need to have messaging ready to explain to customerprivata data, she wrote on The Atlantic
    28. What does the underlined sentence mean?
    A. There are other fire-proof voice assistants
    B. Other voice assistants are also being developed
    C. There are other voice assistants being criticized
    D. Other voice assistants also need improvements
    29. What seems to be people’s biggest concern about voice assistants?
    A. Invading their privacy.
    B. Sending their message  
    C. Making no improvements
    D. Serving them targeted advertisements
    30. What should companies do to solve the problem, according to Blake Morgan?
    A. To stop collecting data through voice assistant.
    B. To explain their use of the data to customers.
    C. To make their data more transparent.
    D. To slow down the pace of technology advancement.
    31. What is the authors purpose in writing the text?
    A. To show visions of a data word in the future.
    B. To inform people of what tech companies are really up to.
    C. To draw attention to the privacy issue voice assistants bring about.
    D. To criticize companies invading customers privacy by collecting data.
    D
    Food blogs, celebrities, and nutritionists all advocate the benefits of eating organic (有机的) fruits and vegetables. But a new study published in Science Advances paints a more complex picture. While organic produce is likely slightly healthier to eat and, in some ways, more sustainable to grow, there are also downsides.
    Organic fruits and vegetables typically cost more than conventional ones. To get a certificate as organic, farmers must meet specific criteria, including growing produce without the use of genetic engineering and chemical inputs. Without these methods, the growing process typically requires more labor, time, and money, a cost that is passed down to consumers.
    It's true that in many ways, organic farming is more sustainable than conventional farming. But when it comes to environmental concerns such as greenhouse gas output and water loss, the comparison gets complex. Organic farms produce less greenhouse gas output per acre. However, because they are barred from using genetic engineering, pesticides (杀虫剂), and other methods that increase efficiency (效率), organic farms also produce an estimated 19% to 25% less yield than conventional farms. While there isn't a whole lot of research on the topic, the few studies that do exist suggest greenhouse gas output and water loss might actually be higher on organic farms, on a per unit basis, says study author Verena Seurfert.
    In addition, while organic produce is likely more nutritious than conventional fruits and vegetables, there's not a lot of evidence to support the claim that these often slight differences influence consumer health. The same is true for the pesticide remainder. In developed countries, where pesticide use is tightly regulated, there's no scientific consensus on how these often slight differences influence human health.
    Still, Seufert stresses that if you can afford to eat organic produce, you should do so. Organic farms provide safer work environments for workers, plus they support great biodiversity. The real takeaway from her study is not that organic produce is bad but that the practice needs more studies to increase the yield without lowering sustainability.
    But if you can't afford to buy organic produce, don't stress too much, particularly from a nutritional perspective.
    32. What does the underlined word “downsides” in Paragraph 1 most probably mean?
    A. Dangers.      www.jzjy365.com      B. Drawbacks.
    C. Benefits.                                     D. Differences.
    33. Which key factor makes it hard to compare organic farming with conventional farming when it comes to environmental concerns?
    A. The yield.                                   B. The price.
    C. The water loss.                           D. The labor.
    34. Which of the following will the author most probably agree with?
    A. Farmers' work environment should be improved.
    B. Organic produce should be made more efficiently.
    C. It isn't wise for consumers to buy organic products.
    D. The pesticide remainder do no harm to people's health.
    35. In the author's opinion, why should we support organic produce?
    A. It's environmentally friendly.                                B. It's more nutritious.
    C. It helps keep the variety of plants.                        D. It's safer for consumers.
    参考答案:
    28. C 29. A 30.B 31. C 
    32. B 33.A 34.B 35. C
    

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