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高考英语传统文化相关知识点

作者:佚名    文章来源:高考网    点击数:    更新时间:2019/2/3

    一. 100个中国传统文化名词
    1.元宵节: Lantern Festival
    2.刺绣:Embroidery
    3.重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival
    4.清明节:Tomb Sweeping Day
    5.剪纸:Paper Cutting
    6.书 法: Calligraphy
    7.对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets
    8.象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters
    9.雄黄酒:Realgar Wine
    10.四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle
    11.战国:Warring States
    12.风水 :Fengshui/Geomantic Omen
    13.昆曲 :Kunqu Opera
    14.长 城 :The Great Wall
    15.集体舞 :Group Dance
    16.黄土高原 :Loess Plateau
    17.红臼喜事:Weddings and Funerals
    18.中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day
    19.花鼓戏:Flower Drum Song
    20.儒家文化:Confucian Culture
    21.中国结:Chinese knotting
    22.古装片:Costume Drama
    23.武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie
    24.元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup)
    25.越剧:Yue Opera
    26.火锅:Hot Pot
    27.江南:South Regions of the Yangtze River
    28.《诗经》:The Book of Songs
    29.谜语:Riddle
    30.《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian
    31.《红楼梦》:A Dream of Red Mansions
    32.《西游记》:The Journey to the West
    33.除夕:Chinese New Year's Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival
    34.针灸 :Acupuncture
    35.唐三彩 :Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery
    36.二人转 : Errenzhuan
    37.偏旁 :Radical
    38.孟子:Mencius
    39.亭/阁:Pavilion/Attic
    40.黄梅戏 :Huangmei Opera
    41.火 药 :Gunpowder
    42.农历 :Lunar Calendar
    43.印/玺 :Seal/Stamp
    44.腊 八 节 :The laba Rice Porridge Festival
    45.京 剧 :Beijing Opera/Peking Opera
    46.秦腔 :Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera
    47.太极拳 :TaiChi
    48.《本草纲目》: Compendium of Materia Medica
    49.天坛 :Altar of Heaven in Beijing
    50.小吃摊 :Snack Bar/Snack Stand
    51.红双喜 :Double Happiness
    52.文房四宝(笔墨纸砚): The Four Treasure of the Study/Brush,Inkstick,Paper,and Inkstone
    53.春卷 :Spring Roll(s)
    54.莲藕 :Lotus Root
    55.罗盘 :Luopan
    56.故宫博物院 :The Palace Museum
    57.相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue
    58.五行 :Five Phases
    59.北京烤鸭 : Beijing Roast Duck
    60.《桃花扇》:The Peach Blossom Fan
    61.木偶戏:Puppet Show
    62.敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves
    63.电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit
    64.甲骨文:Oracle Bone Inions
    65.古筝:Chinese Zither
    66.二胡 :Urheen
    67.门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match
    68.《水浒》: Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh
    69.除夕:Chinese New Years Eve
    70.国子监 :Imperial Academy
    71.兵马俑: Cotta Warriors/Terracotta Army
    72.旗袍:Cheongsam
    73.指南针:Compass
    74.泼水节:Water-Splashing Day
    75.馄饨:Wonton
    76. 花卷:Steamed Twisted Rolls
    77.羊肉泡馍:Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup
    78.冰糖葫芦:A stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)
    79.八宝饭:Eight-Treasure Rice Pudding
    80.粉丝:Glass Noodles
    81.豆腐脑:Jellied Bean Curd
    82.小品:Witty Skits
    83.孝顺:To Show Filial Obedience
    84.武术:Wushu(Chinese Martial Arts)
    85.宣纸:Rice Paper
    86.衙门: Yamen
    87.叩头:Kowtow
    88. 中庸:The Way of Medium(cf. Golden Means)
    89.牌楼:Pailou(Pai-Loo)
    90.东坡肉:Dongpo Pork
    91.中山陵:The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
    92.秦淮河:Qinhuai River
    93.玄武湖:Xuanwu Lake
    94.夫子庙:the Confucian Temple
    95.鸭血粉丝:Duck Blood Fans
    96.盐水鸭:Yanshuiya, or Salted and Baked Duck
    97.大煮干丝:Gansi
    98.小笼包:Steamed Buns
    99.明孝陵:Ming Tomb
    100.云锦:Nanjing brocade
    二. 相关话题作文预测
    壹
    某中学生英文报就“保护中国传统文化”为主题举行英语征文活动。你准备给该报投稿,稿件内容包括:
    1. 保护中国传统文化的重要性
    2. 列举1-2个你所知道的国家或当地政府文化保护的事例;
    3. 谈谈你对文化保护的建议。
    字数要求:120字。
    【参考范文】
    Protect Traditional Chinese Culture
    The protection of national and folk culture is of great significance to Chinese cultural diversity and also to the harmonious development between local economic and social development. It is reported that the Guangdong government pays special attention to protecting Chaoju(潮剧), a local drama born in Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province.
    In my opinion, some measures should be taken to protect traditional culture effectively. To start with, we should make a law to regulate the society’s performance. Besides, we should draw more people’s attention to it, for the more they know about the importance of culture protection, the stronger support we can get from the public.
    In a word, it is high time for us to treasure and develop our own valuable culture.
    贰
    假如你叫李华,最近你的美国笔友Tony要来北京体验中国传统文化,请根据他的
    问题回复邮件,为他设计北京一日游活动,帮助他体验中国传统文化。请描述你们打算去的地方、具体的活动安排、以及这样安排的理由。
    提示词语:traditional Chinese culture, tea house, Peking Opera, paper cutting
    【参考范文1】
    Hi, Tony!
    I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are lots of places of interest in Beijing. In order to experience traditional Chinese culture better, I do recommend Beijing Hutong tour.
    First, we’re going to go sightseeing along the lanes in Hutong. The houses in Hutong are traditional, such as Siheyuan. From them, you can imagine how people used to live. Of course you can stop anywhere you like and it is interesting to take pictures or have a close look. Second, we are going to pay visits to a Hutong family. We can have lunch there and have a short talk with the local residents, which can help you learn about many stories of the past. We can not only appreciate the dramatic changes that Hutong has undergone, but also see evidence of the history of Beijing, experience the old way of life and experience traditional Beijing culture.
    In a word, Hutongs are the homes of common people in the past. It is easy to know how people lived and had fun in the old days. So it is a good choice to learn about traditional Chinese culture.
    I’mlooking forward to your coming.
    Yours,
    Li Hua
    【参考范文2】
    Hi, Tony!
    I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are many places of interest where you can experience the traditional Chinese culture in Beijing, but I’d like to take you to Nanluoguxiang.
    First, we can take a walk along the lanes in Hutong to feel the architectural style of the old buildings like Siheyuan and local people’s way of life. Besides, you can have a talk with the residents to know more about the history about Hutong. What’s more, we can try all kinds of local foods on the way. And you can buy some paper cuttings as gifts for your friends. When we feel tired, it’s a good choice for us to go to a tea house. There, we can taste all kinds of Chinese tea and get a lot of knowledge about tea. Most importantly, we can watch Peking Opera while drinking tea, which is a typical art to reflect Beijing humanities features.
    As for the reason why we go there, I think it can make you better experience traditional Chinese tea culture, the food culture and the characteristics of the old residence in Beijing.
    I’m looking forward to your coming.
    Yours,
    Li Hua
    叁
    假如你叫李华,你的美国笔友Tom对中国的传统节日非常感兴趣。他想请你介绍你最喜欢的一个节日,如中秋节、端午节、春节等,你通常是怎么庆祝的,以及你喜欢这个节日的原因。请你根据他的问题回复邮件。
    提示词语:eat, get together, share, happy, special
    【参考范文1】
    Hi! Tom,
    I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals.
    My favorite festival is the Mid-Autumn Festival. It usually comes in September or October. On that day, our family members usually get together and have a nice meal. After that, I always admire the moon and share mooncakes with my families.
    I love this festival because I like eating mooncakes. They are in the shape of a full moon. They carry people’s wishes to the families they love and miss. In short, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a day of pleasure and happiness. I hope that my letter will help you know more about Chinese festivals.
    Yours,
    Li Hua
    【参考范文2】
    Hi! Tom,
    My favorite Chinese festival is the Spring Festival which comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year. There is a name for each year, such as the dog, the monkey, the tiger or one of the twelve animals, and this year is the year of the horse.
    Before the New Year’s Day, the Chinese people usually give their houses a good cleaning and on the last evening of the old year, all the members of a family will get together and have a big meal. People usually have jiaozi, fish, niangao and many other dishes. On the first or second day of the new year, people usually go to visit their relatives and friends and give some lucky money to children.
    Among all the festivals, I like the Spring Festival best not only because I can enjoy delicious food, but also because I can relax myself by spending a few days with my family, my relatives and my friends.
    Yours,
    Li Hua
    

(责任编辑:admin)


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