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中国进出口银行招聘考试真题汇编及参考答案解析一

http://www.newdu.com 2018/6/20 中公教育 中公教育全国银行招聘考试研究院 参加讨论

中国进出口银行招聘考试真题汇编(一)


第一部分  英语


    一、听力(略)
    二、阅读理解

Reading Comprehension


    Directions:There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by several questions. For each of them there are four choices marked A,  B,  C and D. You should decide on the BEST CHOICE.

(A)


    Imagine waking up and finding the value of your assets has been halved.  No,  you’re not an investor in one of those hedge funds that failed completely. With the dollar slumping to a 26-year low against the pound, already-expensive London has become quite unaffordable. A coffee at Star-bucks, just as unavoidable in England as it is in the United States, runs about ¥8.
    The  once  all-powerful  dollar  isn’t  doing  a  Titanic  against  just  the  pound.  It  is  sitting  at  a record low against the euro and at a 30-year low against the Canadian dollar.  Even the Argentine peso and Brazilian real are thriving against the dollar.
    The  weak  dollar  is  a  source  of  humiliation,  for  a  nation’s  self-esteem  rests  in  part  on  the strength of its currency. It’s also a potential economic problem, since a declining dollar makes imported  food  more  expensive  and  exerts  upward  pressure  on  interest  rates.  And  yet  there  are  substantial  sectors  of  the  vast  U.S.  economy  from  giant  companies  like  Coca-Cola  to  mom-and-pop restaurant operators in Miami for which the weak dollar is most excellent news.
    Many Europeans may view the U.S. as an arrogant superpower that has become hostile to foreigners.  But  nothing  makes  people  think  more  warmly  of  the  U.S.  than  a  weak  dollar.  Through April, the total number of visitors from abroad was up 6.8 percent from last year. Should the trend continue, the number of tourists this year will finally top the 2000 peak? Many Europeans now apparently view the U.S.  the way many Americans view  Mexico  as  a  cheap  place  to  vacation,  shop and party, all while ignoring the fact that the poorer locals can’t afford to join the merrymaking.
    The  money  tourists  spend  helps  decrease  our  chronic  trade  deficit.  So  do  exports,  which thanks in part to the weak dollar,  soared 11 percent between May 2006 and May 2007.  For first five months of 2007, the trade deficit actually fell 7 percent from 2006.
    If you own shares in large American corporations, you’re a winner in the weak-dollar gamble. Last week Coca-Cola’s stick bubbled to a five-year high after it reported a fantastic quarter. Foreign sales accounted for 65 percent of Coke’s beverage business. Other American companies profiting from this trend include McDonald’s and IBM.
    American tourists, however, shouldn’t expect any relief soon. The dollar lost strength the way many marriages break up slowly, and then all at once. And currencies don’t turn on a dime. So if you want to avoid the pain inflicted by the increasingly pathetic dollar,  cancel that summer vacation to England and look to New England. There, the dollar is still treated with a little respect.
    1. Why do Americans feel humiliated?
    A. Their economy is plunging.
    B. They can’t afford trips to Europe.
    C. Their currency has slumped.
    D. They have lost half of their assets.

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